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# rats

Rational output

## Description

example

S = rats(X) returns a string containing the rational approximations to the elements of X using the default string length of 13. The rational output is the same as that produced by format rat.

rats returns asterisks for elements that cannot be printed in the allotted space, but which are not negligible compared to the other elements in X.

example

S = rats(X,strlen) returns a string of length strlen. The rational approximation uses a tolerance that is inversely proportional to string length.

## Examples

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### Rational Representation of Matrix

Create a 4-by-4 matrix.

format short
X = hilb(4)
X =

1.0000    0.5000    0.3333    0.2500
0.5000    0.3333    0.2500    0.2000
0.3333    0.2500    0.2000    0.1667
0.2500    0.2000    0.1667    0.1429

View the rational representation of the matrix using rats.

R = rats(X)
R =

1            1/2           1/3           1/4
1/2           1/3           1/4           1/5
1/3           1/4           1/5           1/6
1/4           1/5           1/6           1/7

The result is the same as using format rat.

### Adjust Output String Length

Find the rational representation of pi with the default string length and approximation tolerance.

rats(pi)
ans =

355/113

The result is the same as using format rat.

Adjust the string length of the output, which also adjusts the approximation tolerance.

rats(pi,20)
ans =

104348/33215

The resulting rational approximation has greater accuracy. As the string length increases, the tolerance decreases.

Adjust the string length again to achieve greater accuracy.

rats(pi,25)
ans =

1146408/364913

The resulting approximation agrees with pi to 10 decimal places.

## Input Arguments

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### X — Input arraynumeric array

Input array, specified as a numeric array of class single or double.

Data Types: single | double

### strlen — String lengthpositive integer

String length, specified as a positive integer. The default string length is 13, which allows for 6 elements in 78 spaces.

## Output Arguments

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### S — Rational outputstring

Rational output, returned as a string.